Rian, who smokes just occasionally, smokes a cigarette in east Jakarta, Indonesia.
Indonesian culture is steeped in the smoking, selling and growing of tobacco. Cheap cigarettes, ubiquitous tobacco advertising, a powerful tobacco industry and lack of government enforcement are fueling a national addiction.
Nearly 70% of the men in this predominantly Muslim country smoke– making it the highest rate amongst men in the world and it often begins from childhood. This on-going series captures young child smokers in villages and cities across Indonesia. These addicted children are growing up in an age when demand for tobacco is growing and foreign tobacco giants such as Marlboro maker Philip Morris are establishing themselves as smoking rates decline in some developing countries.
As various parties stand to gain, smokers in Indonesia are getting younger– by 2010 there were at least 426,000 smokers 10-14 years old up from 71,000 in 1995.
from lensculture by Michelle Siu
Dihan Muhamad used to smoke up to two packs of cigarettes a day before cutting down. Still, he must have his first cigarette at 7 AM before attending his first grade classes. Village, near the town of Garut in West Java, Indonesia.
Dihan Muhamad smokes as his mother breastfeeds his brother. His father smokes and grows tobacco. His mother occasionally smoked when she was pregnant with Dihan.
Dihan Muhamad, whose father smokes and farms tobacco, smokes in a hillside village near Garut in West Java, Indonesia.
Cecep, who has lived on the streets for longer than he can remember after his mother passed away, poses for a photo as he smokes in Garut in West Java, Indonesia.
Eman smokes a cigarette while clutching a bag of juice in Jakarta, Indonesia. He lives on the street and pays a fee to be part of a “community” which is similar to a gang. The scar on his forehead is from a fight with a neighboring, rival “community.”
Ompong, which means “toothless”, poses for a photograph as he has a cigarette in South Jakarta, Indonesia.
Illham Muhamad, who has smoked since he was five years old, slowly inhales his first cigarette of the day at his grandmother’s home at his hillside village near Garut in West Java, Indonesia. He does not attend school and if his grandmother refuses to give him money to buy cigarettes, he will cry and throw fits.
Ilham Hadi began smoking when he was four years old and at some points smoked up to two packs a day. Above, he wears his third grade uniform while smoking in his bedroom as his younger brother looks on.
Andika Prasetyo smokes outside an internet cafe where smoking is permitted in Depok, West Java, Indonesia. He smokes about a pack of cigarettes a day.
- name: takeo yokoyama bio: the editor of "moment edition" established in 1993, a curator about nature history and a cinematographer. attended to the biological conservation in costa rica in 2001 to organize the project about "eco-tourism", and was a witness of 9.11, as a solo-tourist around europe and asia, especially in paris, prague and indonesia.